Anorexia and Bulimia are the most common eating disorders in today's society. These two diseases are simply referred to "diseases of skinny addiction". That is usually caused by psychological factors, stress, and social values.
Both diseases have the highest mortality rate among psychiatric disorders.
The first disease called "Anorexia". Patients with this disease often have too much feelings of anxiety about their own weight and have a false perception of their body shape. For example, regardless of how skinny they are or how much weight they loss, the patients feel that they are still fat causing them tend to lose weight by fasting, strenuous exercise for many hours a day, and dangerous weight loss methods such as the use of diet pills, laxatives, or the diuretic. The external symptoms of patients with anorexia are often the results of the lack of nutrients such as underweight, fatigue, easily fainting, hair loss, brittle nails, irregular menstruation, or low blood pressure, which can lead to death.
The second disease is Bulimia, which is also a disease of people who want to be skinny and worry about their shape, but Bulimia patients often have problems with uncontrolled eating a large amount of food followed by feeling guilt, so patients have self-induced vomit. After doing so for a long time, the patients will start to vomit automatically after every meal. Most of the Bulimia patients will not be very thin, unlike patients with Anorexia.
- Risk of suffocation
- Torn stomach and intestinal epitheliums
- The occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding
- The leak in the chest
These conditions can be dangerous leading to death.
Taking care of both groups of patients and people around them, especially family and friends, are very important because sometimes patients tend to be unaware of their symptoms and then not accept that what they are is abnormal.
The doctor recommends that ... if someone close to you suspected to have the condition of these two diseases, you should give love and encouragement to them. Then, you bring them to see or consult with a psychiatrist. When the patient started to accept and became aware of the situation, it is lead to their health care.