Lifestyle changes by reducing risk factors are the important way to treat myocardial infarction from coronary artery disease. It also helps to prevent coronary occlusion and reduce mortality from heart disease.
Risk Control Methods
1. Strictly refrain from smoking
2. Reduce and control standard body weight
3. Exercise regularly
4. Get enough sleep
5. Find ways to manage your stress such as a hobbies, meditation, and breath control.
6. Control blood sugar and lipids as well as maintain normal blood pressure to prevent the occurrence of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension.
7. Avoid exposure to heavy metals.
8. Diet control by choosing balanced diets that provide energy and full nutrition.
9. A blood test should be done to assess the risk of coronary artery disease which is one of the causes of heart disease, high blood pressure, and paresis and paralysis. The tests are as follows:
9.1. Lipid blood test: Fatty blood vessels are the cause of atherosclerosis which leads to coronary artery disease. If the narrowed coronary arteries are no longer able to supply myocardium, it will later cause ischaemic heart disease.
- Total Cholesterol: If the level is high, it can cause arterial stiffness and stenosis.
- LDL – Cholesterol: If the level is high, it can cause arterial stiffness and stenosis.
- Triglyceride: If the level is high, it can cause arterial stiffness and stenosis.
- HDL – Cholesterol: It is responsible for transporting fat out of artery walls. If the level is high, it can prevent you from atherosclerosis.
9.2 CRP (high sen.) and ESR tests: Those indicate inflammation in different parts of the body and vascular wall. Fatty depositing in the arterial walls also cause inflammation of the arterial walls. Therefore, high CRP and ESR levels can predict the risk of arterial inflammation.
9.3 Homocysteine test: A high level of homocysteine in the blood will destroy the endothelium resulting in fatty deposits in the blood vessels which will increase the risk of coronary artery disease.
9.4 Ferritin test: A high level of Ferritin in the blood shows high iron levels in your body which will increase oxidation and the risk of coronary artery disease. On the contrary, a low level of Ferritin in the blood shows low iron levels in your body, so you may be at risk of anemia.
9.5 Fibrinogen test: High Fibrinogen levels cause platelets coagulation and increase the risk of coronary artery disease
9.6 Apolioprotein A1 (Apo A1) test: Apo A1 helps transporting fat out of artery walls. If the level is high, it can prevent you from atherosclerosis.