Symptoms and prevention of COVID-19
A newly identified coronavirus causing COVID-19 is a virus in the same family as SARS and MERS which had previously spread around the world. The coronavirus causes symptomatic or asymptomatic respiratory diseases. In patients with symptoms, it can develop from high fever, cough, sore throat, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, headache, and body pain.
Patients with severe symptoms have difficulty breathing and dyspnea, which are the signs of pneumonitis. In immunocompromised patients such as children and elderly and patients having underlying diseases, complications may be occurred causing respiratory failure or fatal death.
Sputum, nasal mucus, and saliva of patients cause human-to-human transmission. When patients cough, sneeze, or speak, everyone else can received the virus through their nose and mouth. Moreover, the infection can be occurred by virus from nasal mucus and saliva particles contaminating in any surface and public facility such as door handles, elevator buttons, handrails, and bus handle straps. If you contact with those infected areas and touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, the infection is happened.
Preventions of COVID-19 are as follows:
1. Avoid crowded areas such as airport, market, hospital, and tourist attraction.
2. Wear mask every time before going out and whenever you are in public places such as workplace, cinema, public transportation, and public toilet.
3. Regularly wash your hands with soap or use alcohol gel, especially after touching any surface or public facility.
4. Avoid unnecessarily touching eyes, nose, and mouth.
5. Eat cooked food, use serving spoon, and wash your hands before meal.
6. Take foods enhancing your immunity such as fruits and vegetables, drink water at least 2-3 litres a day, exercise, and get enough sleep.
Information by Dr. Narumol Tongsreeneam
Composed by Medisci Center