PM or Particulate Matters are dust floating in the air. Is smaller than 2.5 microns, therefore called PM2.5, which PM2.5 can adversely affect health If inhaled, it can enter the lower lung. To stimulate the creation of more free radicals in the body as well Therefore can cause inflammation in both the respiratory tract Cardiovascular system And also affect the immune system as well.
In patients with congenital allergic diseases And diseases in the respiratory system May be able to stimulate allergies. And stimulate acute asthma attacks as well. For children, it is found that children born to mothers receiving PM 2.5 have a IgE immune system that is associated with allergies. In addition, PM2.5 exposure Affect the cardiovascular system, including the development of the brain of children.
For advice on how to behave in this period
1. Should refrain from outdoor activities during times of high PM 2.5 if it is necessary to go out. Then should wear a mask that can prevent PM2.5
2. Patients with chronic illnesses as a respiratory disease Should have an emergency medicine with you.
3. PM 2.5 increases oxidative stress or increases free radicals in the body. Eating fruits and vegetables Including vitamins, supplements that have an antioxidant effect.
The most important is that both the public and private sectors should cooperate. Whether it's poisonous dust from cars. Dust from industrial plants Dust from open-burning waste, including construction dust Collaboration Therefore will help reduce the amount of toxic dust that will harm the health in the long run.
Information provided by: Dr. Nicha Tangpobnong.
Compiled by: Medisci