PM or Particulate Matters are dusts floating in the air. It is smaller than 2.5 microns; therefore, it is called PM2.5. PM2.5 can adversely affect health by inhalation. It can enter the lower lung to stimulate the creation of more free radicals in the body, so it can cause inflammation in both the respiratory tract and cardiovascular system and affect the immune system.
Patients with congenital allergic diseases and the respiratory system diseases may have allergy and acute asthma attacks. Moreover, it is found that children born from mothers receiving PM 2.5 have an IgE immune system, associated with allergies. In addition, PM2.5 exposure affects the cardiovascular system and the development of the brain of children.
1. Should refrain from outdoor activities during high PM 2.5 period. If it is necessary to go outside, you should wear a mask that can prevent PM2.5.
2. Patients with chronic illnesses such as a respiratory diseases should have an emergency medicine with yourself.
3. PM 2.5 increases oxidative stress or free radicals in the body. Eating fruits and vegetables including vitamins or supplements that have an antioxidant effect can help reduce the deterioration of the body.
The most important thing is that both the public and private sectors should cooperate to reduce poisonous dust from cars, industrial plants, open-burning wastes, or even construction dusts in a long term.
Information provided by: Dr. Nicha Tangpobnong
Compiled by: Medisci